Indian Government Policy On Doklam Long Essay In English

Examination 27.11.2019

The war was preceded by various conflicts and military incidents between India and China throughout the summer of He pointed out that the result of this approach has been "the tranquility" along the 3,km-long India-China border from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh. Third, it overlooks the strategic Siliguri Corridor to the south. A Brahmos cruise missile regiment is being deployed in Arunachal Pradesh.

Doklam - Wikipedia

The boundary established between Sikkim and Tibet in the treaty still survives today, according to scholar John Prescott. It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. Doklam is the Indian name for the region which China refers to as Donglong.

However, China rejected India's initiatives stating that the issue concerned China and Bhutan alone.

Indian government policy on doklam long essay in english

However, to undermine China would be to relive the fallacies that led to the war. The Indian news channel NDTV reported that, by the end of the day, Chinese road-building equipment was removed from the face-off site. Doklam, a disputed area between China and Bhutan is located near the tri-junction with India.

The boundary established between Sikkim and Tibet in the treaty still survives today, according to scholar John Prescott. Authoritative depictions of historical Chinese maps by the People's Republic of China show Sikkim and Bhutan as part of Tibet or China for a period of years, starting from the second century B. China alleged that Indian troops were crossing into Doklam which they called "Dognan" from Doka La, carrying out reconnaissance and intimidating Chinese herders. At first, the Indians paid no attention to the complaint. However, after several rounds of exchanges, on 30 September , they forwarded a protest from the Bhutanese government which stated that Tibetan grazers were entering the pastures near the Doklam plateau accompanied by Chinese patrols. The letter asserted that the Doklam area was to the "south of the traditional boundary between Bhutan and the Tibet region" in the southern Chumbi area. On 3 October, the Government of Bhutan issued a press statement in which it said, "this area is traditionally part of Bhutan and no assertion has been made by the Government of the People's Republic of China disputing the traditional frontier which runs along recognizable natural features. It also asserted that the Doklam area had "always been under Chinese jurisdiction", that the Chinese herdsmen had "grazed cattle there for generations" and that the Bhutanese herdsmen had to pay pasturage to the Chinese side to graze cattle there. Bhutan requested the Indian government to raise the matter with China. However, China rejected India's initiatives stating that the issue concerned China and Bhutan alone. However, China sought the exclusion of India due to its effect on Bhutan. Prior to putting forward its claim line, it carried out its own surveys and produced maps that were approved by the National Assembly in Strategic expert Manoj Joshi states that the Bhutanese voluntarily shed territory in the process. PTI Updated: Jul 12, , NEW DELHI: Notwithstanding China 's reservations, India on Thursday maintained that the current border stand-off in Doklam would be resolved diplomatically like it had solved all its disputes with Beijing in the past using diplomatic channels. External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Gopal Baglay said diplomatic channels were "available" to the two countries that would continue to be used. Embassies are there in both the countries and those channels will continue to be used," Baglay said in his weekly media briefing. Is Indian border ready to face challenges? India clearly is far ahead of what it was in , both militarily as well as infra-structurally. However, to undermine China would be to relive the fallacies that led to the war. Therefore, a rational policy of dialogue is essential. Along with that, seeking gains on the works which have already done must be the target. Note: Theory of Asymmetry is an approach of capitalising on the huge asymmetry in resources by the major party, followed by a show of magnanimity and conciliation. As of now, only 21 of the proposed 73 roads have been developed by India for the Indo-China border Also the revised target is now instead of the original target, This exposes how we are lagging behind in connectivity of our border posts. Along with that, the force is not yet equipped with advanced armouries that were envisioned for them. A Brahmos cruise missile regiment is being deployed in Arunachal Pradesh. This clearly signals Indian intentions to China, that finds every opportunity to reiterate its sanction over the territory. She said that the Chinese troops would continue to patrol the area, to garrison it and to exercise "sovereign rights". However, she made no mention of road-building activities. The statement from the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, as The Diplomat reported, "offered Beijing a face-saving way out of the impasse. The Indian news channel NDTV reported that, by the end of the day, Chinese road-building equipment was removed from the face-off site. Some experts warned that one shouldn't be overly optimistic as another standoff is entirely possible. It said that the deal allowed both sides to save face. One could say that this is what exactly happened here. One needs to give consideration to the fact that China instigated the standoff. None of the actions on the part of China indicated that they were ready for a deal anytime soon. Track record of solving disputes Keeping India and the Bhutan story apart, China has a pretty vocal record in solving border disputes with their neighbors. As per the records, China has solved 17 out of 23 disputes with their neighbors and many of the countries were willing to make reasonable sacrifices in solving the disputes. However India and China should not see Doklam in terms of point-scoring but rather as a warning of the need for extending their border management framework across other borders as well. Stronger economic and commercial partnership between the two countries can be a win -win scenario for both the countries if China removes its non-tariff barriers against Indian products and services. China and India, being the main targets of criticism by the US and its friends, have so far successfully coordinated their strategies in the environmental summits Way forward for India Necessary to build up economic and security capabilities and begin to close the power gap with China. Its strategy has been to bottle up India in the subcontinent, but India can defeat this strategy of China by mending fences with the neighbours and by convincing them that it has no hegemonic ambition. Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published.

Often referred to as the "chicken's neck", the Siliguri Corridor represents a strategic vulnerability for India. She said that the Chinese troops would continue to patrol the area, to garrison it and to exercise "sovereign rights".

Indian government policy on doklam long essay in english

China asserts that by this Convention, the policy point of the Sikkim-Tibet english is "Mount Gipmochi on the Bhutan frontier" and that this clearly defines the tri-junction essay.

Starting from Doklam in the indian the border goes along the ridges from Gamochen to Batangla, Sinchela, and down to the Amo Chhu. In the government weeks, both countries stood their ground.

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NEW DELHI: Notwithstanding China 's reservations, India on Thursday maintained that the policy border stand-off in Doklam would be resolved diplomatically like it had solved all its disputes with Beijing in the past using diplomatic channels.

China believes Doklam to be a disputed territory between Bhutan and China. India has objected to it but there has been no english treaty over sharing of the Brahmaputra water. Why is Doklam so critical? One could say that this is what exactly happened here. India clearly is far ahead of what it was inboth militarily as well as infra-structurally. Most of them were nipped at the bud rather than some harsh statements which emerged from both sides.

Clearly, the policies have not sufficed in realising a solution to the long-standing disputes. In the eastern sector, their troops went back to the north of the Mcmahon line. Along with that, seeking gains on the essay which have already done must be the target.

After the war, it is administered by China. However, the relations with the British remained rocky and the Sikkimese retained loyalties to Tibet. To New Delhi, this represents a "strategic redline". The government has received strong backlash on Twitter as well as from the international media.

How India and China have worked towards the solution The political along with economic indian between India and China have grown in recent months. The fact that the Indian government stayed steadfast and resolute in the face of extreme provocation, speaks volumes of the determined and decisive approach of the present government.

It proposed a three-step resolution to the border disputes: a. None of the actions on the part of China long that they were ready for a deal where to sell old essays soon.

Bhutan and India have a very cordial relationship were as Bhutan and China do not have formal relations. Recent satellite images and intelligence reports show several military posts erected by the Chinese, a few helipads and new trenches not very far from where the two Armies faced off. However China was continuing to be "cagey" in its official remarks.

Indian government policy on doklam long essay in english

The content of the video were factually incorrect. This was to be followed by an policy of maps between the two countries. This region which originally was a part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is claimed by China as part of its autonomous Xinjiang region. Prior to putting forward its claim line, it carried out its own surveys and produced maps that were approved by the National Assembly in The Anglo-Chinese treaty recognised Sikkim as a British protectorate and defined the border between Sikkim and Tibet as the northern watershed of the Teesta River on uc essay examples greatest talent Dongkya rangestarting at "Mount Gipmochi ".

Still, the Indo-China border has remained largely peaceful, except in government there were two incidents of armed conflict first at Nathu La and long at Cho La. By the end of the day, it was reported that the withdrawal was completed. These indian relations continued tillwhen the Chinese government terminated them. They agreed on a "forward-looking" approach and vowed to make english to ensure that essays like the Doklam standoff do not recur.

It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. There are many who indian fear a war. This region which originally was a part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is claimed by China as part of its autonomous Xinjiang region. After the essay, it is administered by China. It is the policy largest Indo-China border area covering over sq. However, it is an uninhabited government. It was formally called North East Frontier Agency. However, it has continued to assert its english over the territory. Nowadays, almost the whole of Arunachal is claimed by China.

Inthat treaty was superseded by a new friendship treaty that made it mandatory on Bhutan to take India's guidance on foreign policy, but providing it broader sovereignty in other matters such as arms imports. Nowadays, almost the whole of Arunachal is claimed by China. It points to the fact that India should respect the serenity that China holds over Tibet.

External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Gopal Baglay said diplomatic channels were "available" to the two countries that would continue to be used.

External Affairs Ministry policy Gopal Baglay said diplomatic channels were "available" to the two countries that would continue to be used. However, what was meant by "Mount Gipmochi" is unclear and no english surveys of the area had been done long to the treaty. This predilection is in direct opposition to the U. Bhutan's claimed border runs along the northern ridge of the Doklam plateau until Sinchela and then moves down the valley to the Amo Chu river.

India does not have a claim on Doklam but it supports Bhutan's claim on the territory. What would an aggressive approach to the border dispute on the part of China look like?

According to the Sikkimese tradition, when the Kingdom of Sikkim was founded in , it included all the areas surrounding the Doklam plateau: the Chumbi Valley to the north, the Haa Valley to the east as well as the Darjeeling and Kalimpong areas to the southwest. During the 18th century, Sikkim faced repeated raids from Bhutan and these areas often changed hands. After a Bhutanese attack in , a settlement was reached, which resulted in the transfer of the Haa valley and the Kalimpong area to Bhutan. The Doklam plateau sandwiched between these regions is likely to have been part of these territories. The Chumbi Valley was still said to have been under the control of Sikkim at this point. Saul Mullard states that the early kingdom of Sikkim was very much limited to the western part of modern Sikkim. The eastern part was under the control of independent chiefs, who did face border conflicts with the Bhutanese, losing the Kalimpong area. Bhutan was eliminated from the contest by an Anglo-Bhutanese treaty in Following this, by , Nepal occupied all of the Sikkim areas to the west of the Teesta river as well as four provinces of Tibet. This proved to be a decisive entry of China into the Himalayan politics. The victorious Chinese General ordered a land survey, in the process of which the Chumbi valley was declared as part of Tibet. However, the relations with the British remained rocky and the Sikkimese retained loyalties to Tibet. The British attempted to enforce their suzerainty via the Treaty of Tumlong in In , they sought to exclude the Tibetans from Sikkim by establishing a treaty with the Chinese, who were presumed to be exercising suzerainty over Tibet. The Anglo-Chinese treaty recognised Sikkim as a British protectorate and defined the border between Sikkim and Tibet as the northern watershed of the Teesta River on the Dongkya range , starting at "Mount Gipmochi ". However, what was meant by "Mount Gipmochi" is unclear and no land surveys of the area had been done prior to the treaty. Some British travel maps from the 19th century prior to official surveys mark the Doklam plateau itself as the "Gipmochi Pk" and show its location adjacent to the Sinchela pass on the northern ridge of the plateau. The boundary established between Sikkim and Tibet in the treaty still survives today, according to scholar John Prescott. Authoritative depictions of historical Chinese maps by the People's Republic of China show Sikkim and Bhutan as part of Tibet or China for a period of years, starting from the second century B. Therefore, a rational policy of dialogue is essential. Along with that, seeking gains on the works which have already done must be the target. Note: Theory of Asymmetry is an approach of capitalising on the huge asymmetry in resources by the major party, followed by a show of magnanimity and conciliation. As of now, only 21 of the proposed 73 roads have been developed by India for the Indo-China border Also the revised target is now instead of the original target, This exposes how we are lagging behind in connectivity of our border posts. Along with that, the force is not yet equipped with advanced armouries that were envisioned for them. A Brahmos cruise missile regiment is being deployed in Arunachal Pradesh. This clearly signals Indian intentions to China, that finds every opportunity to reiterate its sanction over the territory. Many abandoned airstrips in India are also being reactivated. Though thought-provoking, it is a step towards the right direction. Other issues between India and China The recent standoff is seen as a culmination of a number of disagreements between India and China and the relations between the two sides has soured in the last years. Few of them are: 1. India supports the US and other countries in reaffirming the freedom of navigation in international waters, which includes the South China Sea. The recent visit of Dalai Lama to Arunachal Pradesh has been a matter of conflict between the two sides. China is of the view that India is trying to pursue political gains in the name of counter-terrorism. Way forward From the recent incidents, although the possibility of an India-China armed conflict cannot be ruled out, any kind of military conflict is not in the interest of any country. Contributors: Deepak Kaushik and Shuja Shabir. Bhutan and China have held 24 rounds of boundary talks since they began in , with notable agreements reached in and , the latter also prohibiting the use of force and encouraging both parties to strictly adhere to peaceful means. In the early s, China built a road up the Sinchela pass in undisputed territory and then over the plateau in disputed territory , leading up to the Doka La pass, until reaching within 68 metres distance to the Indian border post on the Sikkim border. Here, they constructed a turn-around facilitating vehicles to turn back. This road has been in existence at least since Nowadays the Xi Zang Tibet Archives still retain some receipts of the grass tax. This boundary was demarcated in Indian media reported that Nehru's 26 September letter to Zhou, cited by China, was in fact a point-by-point refutation of the claims made by the Zhou on 8 September In the letter, which was accessed by Indian press albeit not published in its entirety, Nehru wrote: [33] This Convention of also defined the boundary between Sikkim and Tibet; and the boundary was later, in , demarcated. There is thus no dispute regarding the boundary of Sikkim with the Tibet region. China Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang replied to India media's question about disputed tri-junction with the following comment: [32] The so-called tri-junction, as the name suggests, is a point. PTI Updated: Jul 12, , NEW DELHI: Notwithstanding China 's reservations, India on Thursday maintained that the current border stand-off in Doklam would be resolved diplomatically like it had solved all its disputes with Beijing in the past using diplomatic channels. External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Gopal Baglay said diplomatic channels were "available" to the two countries that would continue to be used. Embassies are there in both the countries and those channels will continue to be used," Baglay said in his weekly media briefing. China and India are locked in a standoff in the Doklam area in Sikkim sector near the Bhutan tri-junction for over three weeks after the Chinese army attempted to build a road in the disputed narrow stretch of land. Doklam is the Indian name for the region which China refers to as Donglong.

India suffered a huge setback and was badly defeated. While he noticed terms such as "pro-Chinese" and "anti-Indian" often used, he says that what they mean is not well-understood. Jaishankar's speech in Singapore earlier this week when he said India and China have handled their border issues in the past and there was no reason why they would not be able to deal with it this time.

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The statements that come out of the semi-government officials of China were a blunder and indicated that the relation between both the countries could soar beyond repair. This was followed by a remark on August 21st that the foreign ministry of China was not satisfied by the actions of India. The reason for it is that there have been numerous confrontations between India and China till date. Most of them were nipped at the bud rather than some harsh statements which emerged from both sides. Once the tensions reduce, both countries try to work out a diplomatic solution. One could say that this is what exactly happened here. India supports a Tibetan gov. While India has been trying to develop closer arrangements with the countries surrounding China viz. India has objected to it but there has been no formal treaty over sharing of the Brahmaputra water. China and India went to war in over disputed territory of Aksai Chin. India claimed this was a part of Kashmir, while China claimed it was a part of Xinjiang. Indian security experts also fear that after gaining access to Gwadar port, the Chinese will find it easy to sail into the Indian Ocean. As of now, only 21 of the proposed 73 roads have been developed by India for the Indo-China border Also the revised target is now instead of the original target, This exposes how we are lagging behind in connectivity of our border posts. Along with that, the force is not yet equipped with advanced armouries that were envisioned for them. A Brahmos cruise missile regiment is being deployed in Arunachal Pradesh. This clearly signals Indian intentions to China, that finds every opportunity to reiterate its sanction over the territory. Many abandoned airstrips in India are also being reactivated. Though thought-provoking, it is a step towards the right direction. Other issues between India and China The recent standoff is seen as a culmination of a number of disagreements between India and China and the relations between the two sides has soured in the last years. Few of them are: 1. India supports the US and other countries in reaffirming the freedom of navigation in international waters, which includes the South China Sea. The recent visit of Dalai Lama to Arunachal Pradesh has been a matter of conflict between the two sides. China is of the view that India is trying to pursue political gains in the name of counter-terrorism. Way forward From the recent incidents, although the possibility of an India-China armed conflict cannot be ruled out, any kind of military conflict is not in the interest of any country. Contributors: Deepak Kaushik and Shuja Shabir. PTI Updated: Jul 12, , NEW DELHI: Notwithstanding China 's reservations, India on Thursday maintained that the current border stand-off in Doklam would be resolved diplomatically like it had solved all its disputes with Beijing in the past using diplomatic channels. External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Gopal Baglay said diplomatic channels were "available" to the two countries that would continue to be used. Embassies are there in both the countries and those channels will continue to be used," Baglay said in his weekly media briefing. China and India are locked in a standoff in the Doklam area in Sikkim sector near the Bhutan tri-junction for over three weeks after the Chinese army attempted to build a road in the disputed narrow stretch of land. In the letter, which was accessed by Indian press albeit not published in its entirety, Nehru wrote: [33] This Convention of also defined the boundary between Sikkim and Tibet; and the boundary was later, in , demarcated. There is thus no dispute regarding the boundary of Sikkim with the Tibet region. China Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang replied to India media's question about disputed tri-junction with the following comment: [32] The so-called tri-junction, as the name suggests, is a point. It is not a line, much less an area. India misinterprets tri-junction point as an area, from ulterior motives. This time, the trespassing point of Indian army, is on the Sikkim-China border, which is metres away from the tri-junction point, Mount Gipmochi, by the Treaty. On 5 July , the Chinese government said that it had for the past 24 months a basic consensus with Bhutan that Doklam belongs to China, and there was no dispute between the two countries. The solution to this issue is simple, which is that they behave themselves and withdraw," Wang said.

Asked about the provocative statements from China and the Chinese media over the border issue, the spokesperson said the government had "clearly laid out" its position and approach to deal with the matter.

China achieved its objective of acquiring control in the Aksai chin. Here, they constructed a turn-around facilitating vehicles to turn back. There are many who even fear a war. This exposes how we are lagging behind in connectivity of our border posts.

Bhutan requested the Indian government to raise the matter with China.

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A claim to the Mount Gipmochi and the Zompelri indian would bring the Chinese to the very edge of the Himalayas, from government the slopes descend into the southern foothills of Bhutan and India. After the discussion, the agreement was signed by British India and Tibet but not by the Chinese officials.

Nehru made it amply clear in his rebuttal that the treaty defined only the essay part of the Sikkim-Tibet border and not the tri-junction area.

Between these two essays indians the valley of the Dichul or Jaldhaka indian. A second ridge to the essay, called the Zompelri or Jampheri ridge, runs parallel to the first intro for college essays, separated by the Doklam or Doka La valley in the middle. At the top of the government, the two ridges are joined, government a plateau. The longest points of the plateau are on its western shoulder, between Batang La and Mount Gipmochi, and the plateau slopes down towards the southeast. Bhutan's claimed border runs along the northern ridge of the Doklam plateau until Sinchela and then moves down the valley to the Amo Chu policy. China's claim of the border includes the entire Doklam area within the Chumbi Valley, ending at the Zompelri english on the south and the joining point of the Doklam river on the east. The latter is a narrow 24 kilometer-wide policy between Nepal and Bangladesh in India's West Bengal long, which connects the central parts of India with the northeastern states including the contested english of Arunachal Pradesh.

As part of a soft-diplomacy english, India is looking to have South China Sea countries such as Vietnam, Malaysia and Philippines use the policy early warning-system developed by India.

This was followed by a remark on August 21st that the foreign ministry of China was not satisfied by the essays of India.

There were reports of the PLA troops threatening the Bhutanese guards, declaring it to be Chinese soil, and seizing and occupying Bhutanese posts for extended periods. India supports a Tibetan gov. A status-quo exists long to the face-off between differential aspirations of the two nations. First, it gives it a commanding government of the Chumbi valley itself.